Download European Philosophy of Science – Philosophy of Science in by Friedrich Stadler (auth.), Maria Carla Galavotti, Elisabeth PDF

By Friedrich Stadler (auth.), Maria Carla Galavotti, Elisabeth Nemeth, Friedrich Stadler (eds.)

This quantity combines the theoretical and old point of view targeting the categorical gains of a eu philosophy of technology. at the get together of the twentieth anniversary of the Institute Vienna Circle the Viennese roots and affects may be addressed, moreover. there's no doubt that modern philosophy of technological know-how originated typically in Europe starting within the nineteenth century and has motivated decisively the next improvement of globalized philosophy of technology, esp. in North the US. fresh learn during this box files a few particular features of philosophy of technology overlaying the traditional, social, and in addition cultural sciences within the eu context as much as the destruction and compelled migration because of Fascism and nationwide Socialism. This eu point of view with the combination of background and philosophy of technological know-how and the present state of affairs within the philosophy of technology after the transatlantic interplay and transformation, and the “return” after global conflict II increases the query of up to date eu features within the philosophy of technological know-how. The position and serve as of the well known Vienna Circle of Logical Empiricism and its impression and impression on modern philosophy of technological know-how is at the schedule, too. for this reason, the overall subject is handled in parallel classes representing systematic-formal in addition to genetic-historical views on philosophy of technology in a eu context as much as the present.​

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For him some philosophical notions should be radically revised following chemistry’s lessons. I shall concentrate on three of them that are of crucial importance: the role of analysis and synthesis in the development of knowledge, the concept of substance, and the concept of scientific object. This discussion on chemistry’s philosophical lessons will form the basis of my answer to the question of whether such lessons in Bachelard’s philosophy are only afforded by chemistry. In other words, was it (only) chemistry, or more specifically history of chemistry, that led Bachelard to develop his views on the above notions, and more in general, his theory of knowledge?

57. , pp. 69-71. Bachelard, Le matérialisme rationnel, p. 119. Bachelard, The Philosophy of No, p. 47. On this point, also see Bensaude-Vincent, “Chemistry in the French Tradition of Philosophy of Science”, p. 643. 36 Cristina Chimisso Bachelard aimed to show is that this hormone exists in too tiny quantities for chemists to analyze it. As a consequence, as Ian Hacking has narrated, in order to discover the chemical structure of TRH, the two laboratories involved synthesized several similar substances, until one of the compounds behaved just like TRH.

He outlined a philosophical history of the objects of chemistry, namely chemical substances: for him they presented themselves at first in a boundless variety, without any order. 17 Modern chemistry for Bachelard results from the dialectic between diversity, or pluralism, and generality. He called the attitude of modern chemistry a ‘coherent pluralism’: on the one hand, there is recognition of the diversity of substances, on the other these are organized in a coherent whole. The paramount example of this organi14 Ian Hacking, “The Participant Irrealist at Large in the Laboratory”, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (1988).

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