Download Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s by Francisco E. Balderrama PDF

By Francisco E. Balderrama

During the good melancholy, a feeling of overall melancholy plagued the us. american citizens sought a handy scapegoat and located it within the Mexican neighborhood. legislation forbidding employment of Mexicans have been followed through the hue and cry to "get rid of the Mexicans!" The hysteria led pandemic repatriation drives and a million Mexicans and their childrens have been illegally shipped to Mexico.

Despite their awful therapy and tense reviews, the yankee born teenagers by no means gave up desire of returning to the us. Upon reaching criminal age, they badgered their mom and dad to allow them to go back domestic. Repatriation survivors who got here again labored diligently to get their lives again jointly. as a result of their experience of disgrace, few of them ever informed their kids approximately their tragic ordeal.

Decade of Betrayal recounts the injustice and discomfort persisted by means of the Mexican group in the course of the Thirties. It specializes in the stories of people compelled to suffer the tragic ordeal of betrayal, deprivation, and adjustment. This revised version additionally addresses the inclusion of the development within the academic curriculum, the issuance of a proper apology, and the query of financial remuneration.

"Francisco Balderrama and Raymond Rodríguez, the authors of Decade of Betrayal, the 1st expansive learn of Mexican repatriation with views from either side of the border, declare that 1 million humans of Mexican descent have been pushed from the USA throughout the Nineteen Thirties because of raids, scare strategies, deportation, repatriation and public strain. Of that conservative estimate, nearly 60 percentage of these leaving have been felony americans. Mexicans comprised approximately 1/2 all these deported in the course of the decade, even if they made up below 1 percentage of the country's inhabitants. 'Americans, reeling from the commercial disorientation of the melancholy, sought a handy scapegoat,' Balderrama and Rodríguez wrote. 'They discovered it within the Mexican community.'"--American History

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Massive reclamation and irrigation projects had been undertaken with the passage of the Newlands Reclamation Act in 1902. These projects made possible the extensive irrigation required for planting melons in the Imperial Valley of California, citrus crops in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas, and cotton in the Salt River Valley of Arizona. The sudden extensive development made a cheap source of labor necessary. "36 Profitable farming depended on a skilled and readily available labor force. Agricultural production, particularly during the critical harvest season, entailed a labor-intensive process employing vast numbers of agricultural workers.

Another of the matters which was presented to me as a real problem during my tour, and one which is very difficult to resolve, is the fact that, according to the complaints of our countrymen, this year a very limited assignment was given them, awarding them a very limited expanse of ground to work; this, let me repeat, would be very difficult to resolve, since due to the present excess work force, arising from the enormous number of people who find themselves unemployed, the crops were sown simultaneously in the various regions, and it has been necessary to carry out the work almost at the same time, eliminating in this way the recourse of past years, which consisted in finishing one task and beginning another additional one in a different field.

3This dispersement continued to grow over the years. By the 1920s Mexicans could be found harvesting sugar beets in Minnesota, laying railroad tracks in Kan- Page 7 sas, packing meat in Chicago, mining coal in Oklahoma, assembling cars in Detroit, canning fish in Alaska, and sharecropping in Louisiana. Adventurous immigrant families and single men fanned out across the United States from border to border and sea to sea. Among them were Genaro Torres and three companions who worked their way along the gulf states and eventually settled in Portsmouth, Virginia.

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