By Lauri Macmillan Johnson
Schoolyards have come some distance from the barren playgrounds that many folks be mindful. state-of-the-art university campuses frequently characteristic gardens within which scholars can find out about local crops and natural world, develop fruit and veggies, discover cultural traditions, perform interpreting and math abilities, and use their imaginations to create enjoyable play areas. And for more and more city scholars, those schoolyard gardens supply the easiest, if no longer the one, chance to adventure the flora and fauna firsthand and revel in its many advantages. This e-book is a pragmatic, hands-on advisor for making a number of studying environments within the arid Southwest. packed with transparent, easy-to-use details and illustrated with pictures, drawings, and plans, the publication covers every little thing essential to create schoolyard gardens: • An creation to schoolyards as outdoors school rooms and a number of other sorts of habitats, together with artwork gardens, cultural historical past gardens, ecological gardens, literacy gardens, and vegetable gardens • layout thought, together with a background of backyard types, and layout rules and layout parts • starting the layout approach, together with settling on individuals and writing a layout application that units out pursuits and requisites • accomplishing web site study and synthesizing layout parts to reach at a last layout • layout necessities, together with undertaking investment and layout positive factors, upkeep, accessibility, security, and undertaking evaluate and revision • flora and fauna ecology, together with components wanted for survival corresponding to meals and shield • growing gardens for pollinators and different natural world, together with hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, moths, bats, and flies, in addition to pest regulate • Lists of local crops for varied types of habitats and nurseries that promote local vegetation, in addition to books, sites, and different assets for studying extra approximately local vegetation and flora and fauna This advisor might be crucial for panorama architects, tuition body of workers, mom and dad, and scholars. certainly, its ideas can be utilized in designing schoolyard habitats around the kingdom, whereas its details on gardening with local crops and flora and fauna could be worthy to householders around the Southwest.
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Extra resources for Creating Outdoor Classrooms: Schoolyard Habitats and Gardens for the Southwest
Outdoor classrooms are places for active learning across the curriculum—all classes should be involved in their creation, implementation, and use. The physical design of an outdoor classroom and the activities that take place within it can be used as educational themes to foster endless opportunities for the types of integrated and multiple-intelligence learning described by Gardner, Lieberman, and Hoody. Natural areas and gardens are universally described as spiritual, emotional, and intellectual places.
Based on the myth about Apollo and Daphne, its aromatic scent represented purification, peace, and victory. Many modern design concepts are derived from the ancient Greeks, such as atrium (courtyard), colonnade (row of columns), portico (porch), and amphitheater. Some of the plants used by the Ancient Greeks included Acanthus spinosus, acanthus; Crocus sativus, saffron; Hedera helix, English ivy; Laurus nobilis, bay or laurel; Myrtus communis, myrtle; Olea europaea, common olive; Platanus orientalis, Oriental plane; Punica granatum, pomegranate; and Taxus baccata, English yew.
These pools were connected to irrigation canals that were used to transport water to adjacent areas. Sometimes the water features were even small lakes large enough to accommodate rowboats. Early Egyptian gardens also included tree-lined allées, or wide boulevards; vine-covered trellises and arbors; pergolas (covered walkways); garden pavilions; exotic birds and habitats; a variety of plants; and decorative art. Some of the plants used included: Chamaerops humilis, palmetto; Cyperus papyrus, papyrus; Ficus sycamorus, sycamore fig; Nymphaea caerulea, lotus; Phoenix dactylifera, date palm; and Punica granatum, pomegranate.