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The determine of Antichrist has gripped the Christian mind's eye for 2 thousand years. yet Antichrist doesn't spring absolutely from the pages of Scripture. particularly, he emerges over a millennium of mirrored image on tricks and clues scattered all through Scripture and Christian culture. specifically, similar to Antichrist is tied in a necessary option to the fellow medieval Christians knew easily as 'the Apostle'―St. Paul.
Constructing Antichrist engages readers with the query: what does Paul need to do with the Antichrist? Integrating new scholarship in apocalypticism and the historical past of exegesis, this booklet is the 1st longitudinal research of the function of Paul in apocalyptic concept. Readers will achieve new appreciation for the theological weight of medieval exegesis ordinarily and for the patience of apocalypticism within the medieval Christian mind's eye because it dared to check the Adversary.
The writer argues that the western doctrines of Antichrist and the final Days are entwined with the improvement of medieval New testomony exegesis. the second one Letter to the Thessalonians―a short and much-debated apocalyptic textual content within the New Testament―is an important locus for doctrinal hypothesis approximately Antichrist and the arriving finish. the writer rigorously examines commentaries on 2 Thessalonians from the fourth to the 12th centuries and reveals that they supply the 'architecture' for the constructing doctrine of Antichrist because it is portrayed in later medieval paintings and literature. by means of the 12th century, this practice of mirrored image distills from some of the early interpretations a vintage, artificial figuring out of Antichrist and the top that types an authoritative consensus for hundreds of years.
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Additional info for Constructing Antichrist: Paul, Biblical Commentary, and the Development of Doctrine in the Early Middle Ages
This early apocalyptic script is the bedrock upon which the foundational commentaries of later Fathers rest—these early Fathers framed the debate on apocalyptic matters within a basic narrative. Irenaeus of Lyons’ Against Heresies is the first systematic account of Christian faith. ”3 In Book 5, 1. , vol. 1 [Tübingen, 1909], 619), the recent work of Charles E. Hill, Regnum Caelorum: Patterns of Future Hope in Early Christianity (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992), rev. ed. Regnum Caelorum: Patterns of Millennial Thought in Early Christianity (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001) has demonstrated that there are numerous non-millennialist eschatologies in the second century.
Org/terms PAUL & ANTICHRIST IN THE EARLY FATHERS / 29 Paul and Antichrist in the Early Fathers: The Prehistory of Commentary Prior to the conversion of Constantine, theologians and church leaders bore the apocalyptic sense of imminent judgment that one might expect from an institution subject to persecution. 2 Most believed that the end was near. In the course of the second and third centuries, the scattered traditions about Antichrist and the end coalesced into a basic script of the apocalyptic plot shared by most Christian thinkers.
19. Later, Gregory the Great expands the symbolic application of this perspective. What I call the “Latin spiritual interpretation” of 2 Thessalonians is characterized by (1) agnosticism toward the historical referents of the Temple, the “restraining force,” and the forerunners of Antichrist, (2) preference for a spiritual reading of the apocalyptic figures and events as symbols that refer primarily to the present life of the Church and the soul, and only secondarily to the future judgment, and (3) a subsequent emphasis upon moral authority of the text rather than its prophetic historical truth.