Download Authority A Sociological History by Frank Furedi PDF

By Frank Furedi

Difficulty with authority is as outdated as human heritage itself. Eves sin was once to problem the authority of God by means of disobeying his rule. Frank Furedi explores how authority was once contested in old Greece and given a robust which means in Imperial Rome. Debates approximately non secular and secular authority ruled Europe throughout the heart a long time and the Reformation. the fashionable global tried to increase new foundations for authority - democratic consent, public opinion, technology - but Furedi exhibits that this challenge has remained unresolved, arguing that this day the authority of authority is wondered. This old sociology of authority seeks to give an explanation for how the modern difficulties of distrust and the lack of legitimacy of many associations are knowledgeable by way of the former makes an attempt to resolve the matter of authority. It argues that the most important pioneers of the social sciences (Marx, Durkheim, Simmel, Tonnies and particularly Weber) appeared this question as one of many imperative demanding situations dealing with society.

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Nevertheless, he succeeded in provoking the hostility of many people through his constant probing of the views that he encountered. Socrates believed that his mission was to enter into dialogue with his fellow citizens and, through questioning, to force people to account for their views. His questions often led to the exposure of other people’s ignorance. Socrates may have believed that he provided a public service in highlighting the distance between everyday opinion and real knowledge, but many experienced their interrogation as a form of intellectual humiliation.

163. Cited in Walton (1997) p. 43 26 See discussion in Mulgan (1979). See Chapter 4 in Guthrie (1971). 28 See Ostwald (1990). Guthrie (1971) p. 17. 29 If laws and traditions were culturally specific, transient and subject to human modification, then their status as unquestioned authority was put to question. A striking illustration of this sceptical intellectual culture is the boldness with which sceptics interrogated the workings of religion. It appears that even the existence of God was contested.

44 Ober (1998) p. 5. 45 Cited by Fritz (1941) pp. 56–7. 44 Socrates and the quest for authority people’s support and acquiescence. Athenian society worked most of the time because its people identified with their city. This was a community where authority was invested in the people and the opinions they expressed through the Athenian assembly and other public venues. 46 The legitimacy enjoyed by public opinion and its democratic culture was reinforced by historical events such as the defeat of the Persians by the Athenian navy at the battle of Salamis.

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