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By André Bryskier

Annotation Antimicrobial brokers: Antibacterials and Antifungals is an important revision of an unique French reference released through Ellipses in 1999. bargains thousands of antibiotics and antimicrobial compounds: in improvement, experimental, and in useProvides a radical replace of the unique French variation released in 1999, plus serious new materialPresents entire assurance of chemistry and synthesis, Read more...


Antimicrobial brokers: Antibacterials and Antifungals is an important revision of an unique French reference released by way of Ellipses in 1999. Read more...

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The Discovery of Penicillin In 1729, Pier Antonio Micheli, in his work Nova plantarum genera, described the penicillia, and at the same time it was accepted that Linné’s taxon Mucor crustaceus (1742) comprised certain penicillia. The genus Penicillium established by H. Link in 1809 is a group of molds. Alexander Fleming (1881–1955) was assigned to a military surgical detachment in Boulogne, France, during the First World War. In treating the wounded, he realized the need for antiseptics more suitable than those available to him.

The sulfonamides were the first broad-spectrum antibacterial medications. They allowed the development of rational methods for the treatment of infectious diseases and were the origin of chemotherapy in clinical microbiology. The cure of a case of purulent streptococcal meningitis at the Institut Pasteur hospital in Paris, France, represented one of the first clinical success of sulfonamides. Sulfonamides proved effective in the treatment of other streptococcal infections, such as erysipelas and puerperal fever, the mortality of which reached its lowest level prior to the use of penicillin G.

He held these responsible for syphilis and tuberculosis. However, these revolutionary ideas in the 16th century found only occasional adherents, such as Montanus in Pavia, Italy. The first mention of a “direct microbial” observation dates back to 1656 and was made by Athanasius Kircher (1602–1680), who believed he had seen “minute worms” in the blood of patients suffering from plague. In the middle of the 18th century, the Italian Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729–1799) was the first to succeed in culturing bacteria in bottles containing meat juices, to refute the thesis of spontaneous generation, and to discover bacterial division by fissiparity.

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