Download American Indian population recovery in the twentieth century by Nancy Shoemaker PDF

By Nancy Shoemaker

Even if most of the people isn't largely conscious of this pattern, American Indian inhabitants has grown phenomenally considering 1900, their demographic nadir. not a vanishing race, Indians have rebounded to 1492 inhabitants estimates in 9 many years. till now, so much learn has excited about catastrophic inhabitants decline, yet Nancy Shoemaker reports how and why American Indians have recovered. Her research of the social, cultural, and financial implications of the relations and demographic styles fueling the restoration compares 5 various Indian teams: the Seneca state in long island kingdom, Cherokees in Oklahoma, pink Lake Ojibways in Minnesota, Yakamas in Washington country, and Navajos within the Southwest. Marshaling individual-level census info, Shoemaker areas American Indians in a large social and cultural context and compares their demographic styles to these of Euroamericans and African american citizens within the United States.

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Sample text

And Melissa pointed out the utility of census data as a resource for American Indian social history. I also want to thank Frederick Hoxie, who brought me in to work on the American Indian Family History Project at the Newberry Library. The opportunity to work on a project similar to my dissertation research but based on the experiences of five other Indian tribes (Hopi, White Earth Ojibway, Creek, Crow, and Colville) added immeasurably to my skills and understanding of the problems and possibilities in using census data for Indian history.

A Women and Minority Mentoring Grant from the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire provided support for the revisions. Page 1 Chapter One An Overview of American Indian Demographic History Most of the literature in American Indian historical demography has focused on a single question: What was the native population of the Americas in 1492? Although precontact population size has been widely researched, there is no consensus in sight. Estimates for pre-Columbian North and South America range from 8 million to 112 million.

Most of the populations that historical demographers study are changing in composition. The population of the United States grew in size and became more ethnically diverse throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries because of immigration, and yet much of the research on the American fertility decline measures changes over time in a population defined as native-born whites. While separate studies might examine how immigration affected the American fertility decline, establishing the parameters of fertility change for the entire American population, compositional changes and all, is important as well.

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