By Neil Smith
An American Empire, built over the past century, in the past overtook eu colonialism, and it's been broadly assumed that the recent globalism it espoused took us "beyond geography." Neil Smith debunks that assumption, delivering an incisive argument that American globalism had a unique geography and used to be pieced jointly as a part of a strong geographical imaginative and prescient. the ability of geography didn't die with the twilight of ecu colonialism, however it did switch essentially. That the inauguration of the yankee Century introduced a lack of public geographical sensibility within the usa used to be itself a political symptom of the rising empire. This ebook offers an important geographical-historical context for figuring out the facility and bounds of latest globalization, which may now be obvious as representing the 3rd of 3 targeted old moments of U.S. international ambition.The tale unfolds via a decisive account of the profession of Isaiah Bowman (1878-1950), the main recognized American geographer of the 20th century. for almost 4 a long time Bowman operated round the vortex of country energy, operating to carry an American order to the worldwide panorama. An explorer at the recognized Machu Picchu day trip of 1911 who got here to be identified first as "Woodrow Wilson's geographer," and later as Frankin D. Roosevelt's, Bowman used to be current on the production of U.S. liberal international coverage. A quarter-century later, Bowman used to be on the middle of Roosevelt's nation division, taken with the disposition of Germany and heightened U.S. entry to eu colonies; he used to be defined by means of Dean Acheson as a key "architect of the United Nations." In that interval he was once a pace-setter in American technological know-how, served as president of Johns Hopkins collage, and have become an early and vociferous chilly warrior. a sophisticated, contradictory, and from time to time debatable determine who was once a great deal within the public eye, he seemed at the disguise of Time journal. Bowman's profession as a geographer in an period whilst the price of geography used to be deeply wondered presents a distinct window into the contradictory makes use of of geographical wisdom within the building of the yank Empire. Smith's old excavation unearths, in vast strokes but with full of life aspect, that brand new American-inspired globalization springs no longer from the Nineteen Eighties yet from prior moments in 1919 and 1945, either one of which resulted in failure. via recharting the geography of this heritage, Smith brings the politics--and the limits--of modern globalization sharply into concentration.
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Additional info for American Empire: Roosevelt's Geographer and the Prelude to Globalization
S. government for global economic access to labor and commodity markets. S. global ambitions. The ideology of the American Century survived only by ignoring the fact that a good half of the world was distinctly un-American or at least strove to be uncapitalist. At one level the geographical contradiction in this period lay between the national scale of political and economic organization and the increasingly global scale of capital accumulation. The international bodies established at the end of World War II, such as the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT, later renamed the World Trade Organization), were intended to regulate these contradictions between national and global interests in a way that entwined speciﬁcally American interests with global management.
The second moment: from american empire to american century: henry luce revisited Ideologies of a spaceless American Century did not prevail by accident, and this is nowhere clearer than in the spectacular announcement of the American Century itself. S. 34 A clarion call written ten months prior to Pearl Harbor, Luce’s “The American Century” may read as disarmingly diaphanous today but actually embodied a pithy appeal for Americans to accept their duty and responsibility, join the war, and throw off any remnants of isolationist self-delusion.
S. power in terms that weave history, economy, and geography into an integral global if nationally centered vision. Second, and indicative, it is an American “empire” to which this scion of a major aristocratic family aspires (his grandfather and great-grandfather had both been presidents). Writing only two years after Adams and from the opposite shore of the Atlantic, Halford Mackinder, the geographer, educator, and member of Parliament made an even more epochal connection among geography, economics, and history.