Download America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound (2nd Edition) by André Millard PDF

By André Millard

With Thomas Edison's invention of the phonograph, the attractive song that used to be the shield of the rich turned a industrially produced shopper stable, reasonable adequate to be to be had to all. In 1877 Edison dreamed that in the future there will be a conversing computing device in each domestic. the US on checklist: A heritage of Recorded Sound, first released in 2006, presents a heritage of sound recording from the 1st skinny sheet of tinfoil that used to be manipulated into conserving sound to the house recordings of rappers within the Eighties and the high-tech studios of the Nineties. This ebook examines the real technical advancements of acoustic, electrical, and electronic sound copy whereas outlining the cultural influence of recorded track and flicks. This moment version updates the tale, describing the electronic revolution of sound recording with the increase of pcs, Napster, DVD, MP3, and iPod.

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Additional resources for America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound (2nd Edition)

Example text

It consisted of a group of steel reeds each attached to an electromagnet, which acted as a transmitter by making and breaking a circuit. At the 20 The acoustic era other end of the wire was a corresponding receiver arrangement of reeds and magnets. The steel reed was a thin slice of metal attached to one pole of the electromagnet with its other end just projecting over the opposite pole of the magnet. While Bell was experimenting with magnetizing the reed and creating varying currents, he accidentally discovered that plucking the reeds next to the electromagnet would produce a current which would activate the magnet at the other end, causing the reeds attached to it to vibrate and produce an audible sound.

Rockefeller was to consolidate the petroleum industry and J. P. Morgan brought order to the railroads. The overriding goal of all these nineteenth-century financiers was a monopoly or oligarchy in which a few large companies fixed prices and standardized output. Monopoly power eliminated what many businessmen thought was wasteful competition, and it came naturally to the technological systems such as the telephone and electric light. 4 He now controlled the output of the two leading forces in the industry of recording sound.

In the slow year of 1891, for example, the New York Phonograph Company spent $15,000 on "original" masters. 10 He initiated an experimental project to find a way to mass-produce pre-recorded cylinders. There were several mechanical methods available that could transfer a cut from one cylinder to another, but this approach was expensive and time-consuming and, worst of all, produced inferior-sounding copies. There had to be a better way, and Edison set out to find it. He conceived of a duplicating system in which one master recording was used to mold many copies.

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