By Dr. Ana Elizabeth Rosas
Established to fulfill employers' wishes for low-wage farm staff, the well known Bracero software recruited hundreds of thousands of Mexicans to accomplish actual exertions within the usa among 1942 and 1964 in trade for remittances despatched again to Mexico. As companions and kinfolk have been dispersed throughout nationwide borders, interpersonal relationships have been remodeled. The lengthy absences of Mexican employees, regularly males, pressured girls and kids at domestic to inhabit new roles, create new identities, and do something about long-distance communique from fathers, brothers, and sons.
Drawing on a rare diversity of assets, Ana Elizabeth Rosas uncovers a formerly hidden historical past of transnational relatives existence. Intimate and private stories are published to teach how Mexican immigrants and their households weren't passive sufferers yet as a substitute chanced on how one can embody the spirit (abrazando el espíritu) of creating and enforcing tough judgements pertaining to their family...
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Additional resources for Abrazando el Espíritu. Bracero Families Confront the US-Mexico Border
The loss and longing created by the separations of the Bracero Program led to desires for personal reunions and family reunification. We have no reason to doubt Torres’s sincere love for her husband or her desire to keep her family intact. Yet the program threatened women with material as well as emotional losses. The migration to the United States of male laborers compelled women and children in Mexico to enter the workforce as overworked and poorly paid unskilled employees. The conditions that divided families also created the preconditions for abandonment.
I especially and con todo mi corazón thank Ricardo Alvarez for sharing conversations and strolls that have made for countless debates, laughter, and promises; he is a most cherished person in my life. Always up for “good conversation and good times,” he is someone whose acumen, humor, trust, honesty, and heart made him the ideal person to discuss the Mexican immigrant experience and this history with. Our love has made a world of difference in my life and inspired me to prioritize writing about the promises of love framing important dimensions of this history.
The US and Mexican governments used the program to manage Mexicans’ immigration to the United States and their subsequent settlement in ways that depended on the labor of their families and required extensive management of their families, laying the foundations for whole families to feel like braceros, as if they all worked in and for the United States. The US and Mexican governments’ failure to recognize the burdens that the program directly or indirectly laid on the families left behind in Mexico explicitly fueled women’s feelings of abandonment.