By T. Carty
In line with various students and pundits, JFK's victory in 1960 symbolized America's evolution from a politically Protestant country to a pluralistic one. The anti-Catholic prejudice that many blamed for presidential candidate Alfred E. Smith's crushing defeat in 1928 eventually looked as if it would were conquer. even though, if the presidential election of 1960 was once certainly a turning aspect for American Catholics, how will we clarify the failure of any Catholic--in over 40 years--to repeat Kennedy's accomplishment? during this exhaustively researched research that fuses political, cultural, social, and highbrow historical past, Thomas Carty demanding situations the idea that JFK's winning crusade for the presidency ended many years, if now not centuries, of non secular and political tensions among American Catholics and Protestants.
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Additional resources for A Catholic in the White House?: Religion, Politics, and John F. Kennedy's Presidential Campaign
41 cratic fears of nativist anti-Catholicism. This Catholic official similarly advocated a policy of retreat or surrender in the face of nativism. For some Democrats, Farley’s candidacy tested how well Catholics had achieved acceptance into the American pluralist ideal. While managing Roosevelt’s presidential victories in 1932 and 1936 and serving as Democratic national chairman during FDR’s two terms, Farley established a personal network of political alliances across the country. ’’61 Glass challenged the Democrats to honor a spirit of inclusiveness that Roosevelt had earlier encouraged.
Politics. Intending to discredit Kennedy and promote Senator Hubert H. Humphrey’s (MN) vice-presidential ambitions, political scientist Louis Bean suggested that a Catholic candidate might harm the party in fourteen predominately Protestant southern and border states. ’’ Bean unabashedly revived fears of the nativist anti-Catholicism that undermined Al Smith by asking rhetorically, ‘‘How will the candidacy of an Irish Catholic for Vice-President affect the party in Protestant areas . . ’’72 Bean’s memo blatantly encouraged Democrats to consider religious bigotry when endorsing a vice-presidential candidate.
29 Religious tensions were not always contained in symbolic violence. The Klan’s icon, a burning cross, appeared through the windows of Smith’s campaign railcar in Oklahoma and Montana. 5 Election Day provoked even more powerful passions. Four New England residents died of heart attacks due to the excitement, and a Hoover loyalist killed a Smith devotee in Kentucky. 6 The 1928 campaign’s ‘‘Catholic issue’’ exposed powerful negative and positive implications of Catholicism in presidential elections.